ALL THE LIVING by C. E. Morgan
“She felt guilt for her meanness, she didnâ€™t know what was wrong with her and thought, in her tangled mind, she wasnâ€™t made like other women.Â There was some softness in her, but it was so deep in a kind of acquired bitter that it took another bitter to divine it, like an auger cuts through solid rock to force the seam.”
Reviewed by Mary Whipple (APR 29, 2009)
In this assured and evocative debut novel set in rural Kentucky, author C. E. Morgan comes closer to conveying the essence of life, as she sees it, than do most other novelists with generationsâ€™ more experience.Â Writing about an area in which she still lives, Morgan recreates the bare bones lives of subsistence farmers who are irrevocably tied to the land, a land which is sometimes fickle in its ability to sustain those who so lovingly tend it.Â Interminably long days and aching physical labor are not always rewarded here, and despair is often the prevailing mood of whole communities when droughts or floods play havoc with manâ€™s efforts.Â Yet each spring offers new opportunities and hope as the resilient farmers renew their back-breaking connection to the land once again. Â Â
Orren Fenton is just out of college when his mother and brother are killed in an accident, leaving him the sole survivor of the family and the inheritor of the familyâ€™s Kentucky tobacco farm.Â Orren has had no real experience running a farm, but he has been working at a school farm, and his connection to the familyâ€™s land is strong.Â At the school he has been sharing a passionate relationship with Aloma, a young woman who was orphaned at the age of three and who has been earning a living as a pianist at the mission school where she was educated.Â Three weeks after the funerals of Orrenâ€™s family, Orren asks Aloma to come with him back to the farm, where, he has assured her, he has a piano.Â Seeing this as her chance to begin a whole new lifeâ€”a real life of her ownâ€”Aloma accepts, not really knowing what to expect, though she believes herselfÂ â€śin loveâ€ť with Orren.
Aloma and Orren are very young, and the work of running the farm is brutal.Â Orren is determined to make everything work, but Aloma is inexperienced, and Orren is unable to afford the time to teach her what she needs to know.Â He cannot afford mistakes with the crops or the animals, so he does all the work himself.Â Aloma, feeling left out, spends her days trying to make the long-closed home of Orrenâ€™s grandparents habitableâ€”scraping the floors, washing the walls, and cleaning out the detritus from years of abandonment.Â Orren refuses to move into the newer, more efficient house which his mother built when she was running the farm, announcing that the newer house belongs to â€śthem,â€ť his mother and his dead brother Cash, whose belongings remain inside.Â The old house, with its family photographs and unusable piano are Alomaâ€™s responsibility.
Before long, these two very inexperienced young people are at each otherâ€™s throats.Â Aloma feels abandoned all day, every day.Â Orren feels that she does not appreciate all he is doing to save the farm and the land.Â She, inexperienced in cooking and other household chores, feels that he does not appreciate all she is doing to make the house habitable.Â The fact that she has no place to practice the piano, her one big talent, frustrates her.Â Orrenâ€™s suggestion that she see if she can use the piano at a church in town leads to her meeting with a local preacher, Bell Johnson, a 36-year-old single man, who is attracted to her and who represents a different way of life.Â Her escapes from the farm to play the piano at the church increase as her confusion about Orren grows, and she begins to be attracted to Bell.
Within this simple framework, Morgan explores universal themes–oneâ€™s dreams for the future vs. the brutal realities of the present, new life and the hopes it represents for the present vs. the death of loved ones and grief, the feeling that God watches over all vs. the sense that God is more interested in the land than in individuals, and the belief that self-knowledge comes from oneâ€™s relationships with the outside world vs. the understanding that self-knowledge grows from within.Â Morgan writes with the deeply religious sense that all life is somehow connected, seeing God as part of a continuum that begins with the land, the place where life begins.
The three main characters hereâ€”Aloma, Orren, and Bell Johnsonâ€”are well developed, and they reveal their inner turmoil through their often unthinking actions.Â Morgan does not need to tell us how they feel:Â their responses to other peopleâ€™s actions are so fully realized that the reader knows instinctively how the characters feel and can identify with them even while knowing that they are often naĂŻve and selfish.Â Â
Though some reviewers have emphasized that Morgan is â€ślyrical,â€ť that term suggests a romantic vision and felicitous description of nature which is not the case hereâ€”at least not for long. Â Aloma’s hopes for the futureâ€”reflected by her first view of the tobacco field completely covered with white blossoms, and her trip up the mountain with Bellâ€”areÂ immediatelyÂ tempered by the intrusion of reality.Â The blossoms need to be topped in order to increase the plantsâ€™ yield.Â The mountain trip is to a cemetery, whereÂ the kudzu covers the oaks. Frequently using nouns as verbs, Morgan compresses her imagery, talking about Aloma â€śbasketing the eggs,â€ť about Bellâ€™s father agreeing â€śto reverend the church,â€ť and the farmâ€™s rooster â€śtightroping the empty crib.â€ť Â
Morgan does not take the easy way out by tying up all the loose ends in the conclusion.Â She reconciles issues as well as Aloma and Orren might be expected to reconcile them, given their youth, but she leaves it up to them, and the reader, to decide if their relationship will be successful and whether they will find self-knowledge as they deal with the challenges of working the farm.Â Insightful, philosophical, and mature, this portrait of three characters trying to understand themselves and their roles in the world as they face the hardships of everyday life in rural Kentucky is one of the most accomplished and moving novels of the past year.
|AMAZON READER RATING:||from 15 readers|
|PUBLISHER:||Farrar, Straus and Giroux; 1 edition (March 31, 2009)|
|AMAZON PAGE:||All the Living|
|AUTHOR WEBSITE:||C. E. Morgan
|MORE ON MOSTLYFICTION:||no|
- All the Living (March 31, 2009)
April 29, 2009
Â· Judi Clark Â· 4 Comments
Tags: 2009 Favorites, Contemporary, FSG, Literary, Rural Life Â· Posted in: 2009 Favorites, Contemporary, Debut Novel, Literary, PEN/Hemingway 2010 Finalist, Reading Guide, US South