ALL THE LIVING by C. E. Morgan

Book Quote:

“She felt guilt for her meanness, she didn’t know what was wrong with her and thought, in her tangled mind, she wasn’t made like other women.  There was some softness in her, but it was so deep in a kind of acquired bitter that it took another bitter to divine it, like an auger cuts through solid rock to force the seam.”

Book Review:

Reviewed by Mary Whipple (APR 29, 2009)

In this assured and evocative debut novel set in rural Kentucky, author C. E. Morgan comes closer to conveying the essence of life, as she sees it, than do most other novelists with generations’ more experience.  Writing about an area in which she still lives, Morgan recreates the bare bones lives of subsistence farmers who are irrevocably tied to the land, a land which is sometimes fickle in its ability to sustain those who so lovingly tend it.  Interminably long days and aching physical labor are not always rewarded here, and despair is often the prevailing mood of whole communities when droughts or floods play havoc with man’s efforts.  Yet each spring offers new opportunities and hope as the resilient farmers renew their back-breaking connection to the land once again.    


Orren Fenton is just out of college when his mother and brother are killed in an accident, leaving him the sole survivor of the family and the inheritor of the family’s Kentucky tobacco farm.  Orren has had no real experience running a farm, but he has been working at a school farm, and his connection to the family’s land is strong.  At the school he has been sharing a passionate relationship with Aloma, a young woman who was orphaned at the age of three and who has been earning a living as a pianist at the mission school where she was educated.  Three weeks after the funerals of Orren’s family, Orren asks Aloma to come with him back to the farm, where, he has assured her, he has a piano.  Seeing this as her chance to begin a whole new life—a real life of her own—Aloma accepts, not really knowing what to expect, though she believes herself  “in love” with Orren.


Aloma and Orren are very young, and the work of running the farm is brutal.  Orren is determined to make everything work, but Aloma is inexperienced, and Orren is unable to afford the time to teach her what she needs to know.  He cannot afford mistakes with the crops or the animals, so he does all the work himself.  Aloma, feeling left out, spends her days trying to make the long-closed home of Orren’s grandparents habitable—scraping the floors, washing the walls, and cleaning out the detritus from years of abandonment.  Orren refuses to move into the newer, more efficient house which his mother built when she was running the farm, announcing that the newer house belongs to “them,” his mother and his dead brother Cash, whose belongings remain inside.  The old house, with its family photographs and unusable piano are Aloma’s responsibility.


Before long, these two very inexperienced young people are at each other’s throats.  Aloma feels abandoned all day, every day.  Orren feels that she does not appreciate all he is doing to save the farm and the land.  She, inexperienced in cooking and other household chores, feels that he does not appreciate all she is doing to make the house habitable.  The fact that she has no place to practice the piano, her one big talent, frustrates her.  Orren’s suggestion that she see if she can use the piano at a church in town leads to her meeting with a local preacher, Bell Johnson, a 36-year-old single man, who is attracted to her and who represents a different way of life.  Her escapes from the farm to play the piano at the church increase as her confusion about Orren grows, and she begins to be attracted to Bell.


Within this simple framework, Morgan explores universal themes–one’s dreams for the future vs. the brutal realities of the present, new life and the hopes it represents for the present vs. the death of loved ones and grief, the feeling that God watches over all vs. the sense that God is more interested in the land than in individuals, and the belief that self-knowledge comes from one’s relationships with the outside world vs. the understanding that self-knowledge grows from within.  Morgan writes with the deeply religious sense that all life is somehow connected, seeing God as part of a continuum that begins with the land, the place where life begins.


The three main characters here—Aloma, Orren, and Bell Johnson—are well developed, and they reveal their inner turmoil through their often unthinking actions.  Morgan does not need to tell us how they feel:  their responses to other people’s actions are so fully realized that the reader knows instinctively how the characters feel and can identify with them even while knowing that they are often naïve and selfish.   


Though some reviewers have emphasized that Morgan is “lyrical,” that term suggests a romantic vision and felicitous description of nature which is not the case here—at least not for long.   Aloma’s hopes for the future—reflected by her first view of the tobacco field completely covered with white blossoms, and her trip up the mountain with Bell—are immediately tempered by the intrusion of reality.  The blossoms need to be topped in order to increase the plants’ yield.  The mountain trip is to a cemetery, where the kudzu covers the oaks. Frequently using nouns as verbs, Morgan compresses her imagery, talking about Aloma “basketing the eggs,” about Bell’s father agreeing “to reverend the church,” and the farm’s rooster “tightroping the empty crib.”  


Morgan does not take the easy way out by tying up all the loose ends in the conclusion.  She reconciles issues as well as Aloma and Orren might be expected to reconcile them, given their youth, but she leaves it up to them, and the reader, to decide if their relationship will be successful and whether they will find self-knowledge as they deal with the challenges of working the farm.  Insightful, philosophical, and mature, this portrait of three characters trying to understand themselves and their roles in the world as they face the hardships of everyday life in rural Kentucky is one of the most accomplished and moving novels of the past year.

AMAZON READER RATING: stars-4-5from 15 readers
PUBLISHER: Farrar, Straus and Giroux; 1 edition (March 31, 2009)
REVIEWER: Mary Whipple
AMAZON PAGE: All the Living
EXTRAS: Reading Guide



April 29, 2009 · Judi Clark · 4 Comments
Tags: ,  · Posted in: 2009 Favorites, Contemporary, Debut Novel, Literary, Reading Guide, US South

4 Responses

  1. poornima - May 3, 2009

    Hi Mary:

    I loved your review so much that I picked up this book at the library. I am really looking forward to reading it. Just wish the font size was easier on the eyes!

    Thank you for another terrific review.


  2. Mary Whipple - May 3, 2009

    Thank YOU, Poornima! I truly loved this book, and I KNOW you will, too! I do think it’s on its way to winning a number of prizes. The author is so talented and so effective in getting her story told! Let me know how you like it. Best, Mary

  3. zooaia - May 3, 2009

    I ordered the large-print version from Thorndike. Very nice font, but- admittedly- a tad small for middle-aged eyes. So looking forward to this book. But why hasn’t this book gotten more press? Puzzled…

  4. Mary Whipple - May 5, 2009

    Hi, Zooaia. Hope you love this book as much as I did. I thought it was wonderful! I think the reason it hasn’t had more press is that C. E. Morgan is a first-time novelist, and no one knows anything about her. She also appears to be very shy–she doesn’t give her first name, using initials instead; her bio is tiny, saying only where she lives and where she went to school, and she declined my request for an interview, with her publisher saying that she probably won’t be doing many interviews.

    Her book is getting fabulous reviews from many respected newspapers and magazines, however, so she’ll quickly build a following if she writes another book as good as this one, and with her talent, there’s no reason to think that she won’t! We can spread the word ourselves, if you like the book, too. :-) Best, Mary

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